Factors Affecting Survival Status of HIV Patients Following Antiretroviral Therapy Program in Dembi Dollo Hospital, West Ethiopia

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Addis Abeba university


The introduction of HAART has brought about a significant reduction in the morbidity and mortality of patients with 1I1V infection. However, the mortality rate of patients treated with HAART is stili vel)' high in resource-constrained sellings. The study has reviewea patients' forms and ./ollow up cards of 491 patients treated with HAART in Dembi Dollo Hospitalfrom 2010-2012. The minimumfollow up time was 2 month and the maximum was 36 months. Kaplan-Meier survival curves and Log-Rank test were used to compare the survival experience of different groups of patients and proportional hazards Cox model was used /0 explore factors a./fecting survival of patients which directly linked with increased risk of mortality. The overall mean estimated survival time of patients was 33.8 mon/hs. Poverty is one of the most determinant factors a./fecting survivals of patien/s in study area. Moreover, laboratory and clinical factors are associated with increased risk of mortality. Fear of stigma is one of the barriers to uptake treatment persistently. Food support program is necessary for all of patients to have better survival experience.



Following Antiretroviral Therapy