About Addis Ababa University Institutional Repository (AAU-ETD)

AAU-ETD is an electronic open access institutional repository of Addis Ababa University that makes available and digitally preserves the scholarly outputs produced at AAU. The repository contains both published and unpublished work including: theses and dissertations,preprint,staff and student publications.

Services provided by AAU Library repository specialist:

  • Create Colleges/Institutes and collections
  • Provide depositing services
  • Train and facilitate community members to add materials
  • Review and add additional descriptive information (metadata) to each record.
  • Maintain open access and ensure preservation of materials
  • Maintain the software and hardware required for continuous service
  • Research copyright and seek permissions

All faculty are invited to submit their research to the AAU-ETD which is operated and maintained by Addis Ababa University Library. For further information please contact us at ________

 

Recent Submissions

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The Role of Globalization of The Supply Chain on Organizational Performance: The Case of Faffa Food S.Co & Newzealand Milk Products Ethiopia S.Co (Anchor Milk)
(Addis Ababa University, 2022-01) Eyouel Tena; Berhanu Denu (PhD)
The globalization of supply chains has always been simultaneously an opportunity and an issue for manufacturing companies. Increasing competitive pressures force them to expand operations beyond national boundaries in order to source materials and components, manufacture products and sell their products. Little is known in the literature concerning the role globalization of a supply chain has on developing countries. The study examined two organizations in Ethiopia, Faffa Foods S.CO and New Zealand Milk Products Ethiopia S.CO (Anchor Milk) both engaged in the processed food and drink sector. The objective of the study was to assess to what extent globalized supply chain practices like global sourcing, globalization of technology and global sales, are being implemented, and the role these practices have on the organizational performance of the two (2) companies mentioned above. The Findings show that Global sourcing is practiced to a great extent in both companies, and it has a positive effect on the organizational performance of both companies, while Global sales has a positive effect on Faffa and a negative effect on Anchor. The researcher recommends that Faffa should enhance its global sales practices to get more benefit while optimizing it global sourcing practice, for NZMPE the researcher recommends it strategize its global sourcing and global sales practices for an optimum outcome. Key Words: Globalization of Supply, Global Sourcing, Globalization of Technology, Organizational Performance
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Factors Affecting Procurement Performance of an Organization: The Case of World Health Organization Ethiopia County Office
(Addis Ababa University, 2022-06) Fasika Mesfin; Shiferaw Mitiku (PhD)
The main objective of the study was to examine factors affecting procurement performance of the organization the case of World Health Organization Ethiopia Country Office. The researcher identified eight independent variables that influence procurement performance based on literature reviews. These are: lack of procurement planning, lack of proper resource allocation, lack of staff competency, failure to follow proper procurement procedure, market environment related challenges, ICT related challenges, Political environment related challenges and Economic environment related challenges. The study's hypothesis was that procurement determinants (independent variables) influence WHO-Ethiopia office procurement performance (dependent variable). The research plan is built around descriptive and explanatory research methods. The researcher handed out 80 questionnaires, 60 of which were completed and returned. Throughout the study, both primary and secondary data were employed. Structured and semi structured questionnaires were created for primary data. The findings of this study show that the independent variables (lack of procurement planning, Lack of proper resource allocation) positively affect the dependent variable and (Political environment related challenges) negatively affect the dependent variable (procurement performance) with significant level P <0.005 while the remaining factors (Lack of Staff competency, Failure to follow proper procurement procedure, Market environment related challenges, ICT related challenges, Political environment related challenges and Economic environment related challenges) were the least determining factors of procurement performance with insignificant level P>0.005 respectively. The study recommends that, requesting units are responsible for developing acquisition plans in cooperation with Procurement Officials in a timely manner. Procurement plans should be developed in advance of each budgetary cycle to allow the concerned procurement office the necessary lead time to develop its procurement strategies, including the consolidation of requirements to leverage economies of scale and the organization can apply best value for money (the optimal combination of whole-of-life costs and quality/or fitness for purpose of the good or service to meet the user's requirement) principle which is one of the organization’s procurement principles and reduce process lead-time. The researcher recommends resource allocation must be utilizes using transparent information flow between the requesting unit and procurement team so that proper and sufficient budget allocation should be done to a specific task in a timely manner to avoid longer lead-time of procurement process. The researcher further recommends the organization to improve its working relationship with all stakeholders who are working closely with the organization or concerned government authorities, to create a conducive working environment. Key words: Lack of procurement planning, Failure to use proper resource allocation, lack of staff competency, Lack of procurement procedures, external environments related challenges.
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Determinants of Export competitiveness: The Case of Textile and Apparel Industry in Ethiopia
(Addis Ababa University, 2022-07) Faysel Alemu; -Berhanu Denu (PhD)
Ethiopia has strong potential in the textile and apparel sector, due to low cost and trainablemanpower, raw material availability, and strong compliance and risk performance. In the past decades, the export contribution of the textile and apparel industry has shown a sharp rise. However, the sector has been challenged in obtaining quality raw materials, labor productivity, logistics, and infrastructure challenges. Despite these challenges, the textile industry has shown an increasing and comparable competitive advantage in the international market. The objective of the study is to examine factors that determine the competitiveness of the textile industry of Ethiopia. For this purpose, firstly, RCA and RSCA index for textile industry export is calculated. Then panel data techniques were employed to test the effect of FDI inflow, exchange rate, inflation rate, infrastructure, human capital and raw material using time series data extended from 1991 to 2020. Furthermore, primary data using in-depth interviews with selected experts were used to draw conclusions and forward recommendations. The results revealed that despite the potentialand the increasing trends in exports, Ethiopia’s textile industry hadn’t achieved the optimal level of competitiveness in the global market. To reach its optimal competitiveness, constraints related to raw material and backward linkage, labor productivity, logistics and infrastructure need to be addressed. Key Word: Competitiveness, Textile, Industrial Park, Determinants of exports,
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The Effect of Teamwork on Employee Performance: The Case of Ethiotelecom
(Addis Ababa University, 2022-06) Habtamu Dabesa; Abdurezak Mohammed (PhD)
The general objective of the study is to examine the effect of teamwork on employee performance by taking evidence from employees of Ethiotelecom. More specifically, the study tried to see the relationship of teamwork with communication, complementary skill, purpose and specific goals, clear working approaches and mutual accountability. Primary data was obtained through structured questionnaire from employees of Ethiotelecom. Data were collected through the five point’s Likert scales of questionnaires, and the study used quantitative and qualitative research approach. Simple random sampling technique was used to sample between employees of Ethiotelecom. The researcher proportionally distributed 342 questionnaires to employees of Ethiotelecom and 319 of them were collected for further analysis. In order to meet the research objective, collected data were analyzed through descriptive analysis techniques. correlation and regression analysis methods were used to analyze the collected data by using SPSS software version and Descriptive analysis tools such as frequency, mean and standard deviation to present results statistical analysis tools such as correlation coefficient was worked out and used to investigate the relationships between variables. Regression analysis was performed to study the effect of independent variables on employee’s performance. The study examined five independence variables, communication, complementary skills, purpose and specific goal, clear working approaches and sense of mutual accountability. The explanatory variables explain dependent variables accounted for 36.2%. Research findings indicates that there is a significant relation between teamwork components on employee performance, and also to regression testing that all variables were examined at the same time on employee performance; results showed that all components have a significant effect on employee performance. The researcher recommends that Ethiotelecom which adopt teamwork should consider providing the necessary support to teamwork group as basic components of the organization asset. Key words: Employee performance, communication, complementary skill, purpose and specific goals, clear working approach and sense of mutual accountability
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Effect of Customs Clearance Practice on the Logistics Performance: In Development Bank of Ethiopia
(Addis Ababa University, 2022-06) Jilal Nasro; Busha Temesgen(PhD)
The drive of this study was to measure the customs clearance practice and its effects on the logistics performance of the Development Bank of Ethiopia within factors of customs Face vet, Goods Inspection, Document Scrutiny, Risk Management, and Automation.The numbers of target population of this study was 75 and chooses the census sample technique. The statistical data were tabulated by SPSS software and the output analyzed by mean, frequency, correlation, and Regression. Descriptive and Inferential statisticswere usedfor analyze thedata. Majority of the independent variables are correlated at P < 0.01 and at P < 0.05 level of significance and there is a strong positive relationship between the effect of customs inspectionactivity and logistic performance with a Pearson correlation coefficient of (r=0.802) and significance value 0.00. The study recommended that Ethiopian customs commission should implement giving advance information for customers, Customs procedures and practices must be consistent, transparent, and appropriate to international customs clearance servicestandards and should be avoid redundancy of customs goods inspection and document scrutiny/checking for a particular shipment. Furthermore, in the Risk management system, the customs commission should give strong information to importers about risk channel categories;and Give training for Customs employees to have adequate operational knowledge. Key Words: Pearson correlation coefficient, face vet customs, risk channel categories, Customs Automation Systems and Descriptive and Inferential statistics