Assessment of the magnitude of violence against women among female evening students working as domestic workers and its associated factors in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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Addis Ababa Universty


Background: Violence free environment is the one that everyone cherishes, while millions of women worldwide suffer from violence against women. In most communities in Ethiopia, violence against women is very common and considered as a private matter though it has a serious consequences for girls and women. Its magnitude and impact is even worse at domestic set up especially on domestic workers, which is not studied well. Objective: The objective of the study is to measure the magnitude of violence against women among female evening students working as domestic worker and its associated factors in Addis Ababa Ethiopia. Methods: A school based quantitative cross sectional study sequentially complimented with qualitative in-depth interview was used. A total of 545 randomly selected female evening students working as domestic worker and aged 15 years and above were interviewed in May 2017. Data were entered in Epidata version 3.1 and analyzed using SPSS version 22. Crude and adjusted odds ratio along with 95% confidence interval in binary logistic regression were used to ascertain association. Individual depth interview was done among 10 victims of violence. The audio information was transcribed and translated. The qualitative data were coded and categorized. Thematic content analysis was then employed. Result: About 58.8% of evening female students experienced violence in their working lifetime, of those 54.4% experienced it in the past 12 months. Besides, 53.6%, 33.6% and 29.6% of evening female students encountered emotional, physical and sexual violence respectively in their working life while it was 47.1%, 28.8% and 21.8% respectively in the past 12 months. Evening female students who signed monthly contract (AOR=4.23; 95% CI 1.38-12.96), working more than three years (AOR= 3.36; 95% CI:2.03-5.56) and employer (male partner) who drink alcohol (AOR=10.86; 95% CI: 5.6-21.3) were more likely to encounter violence compared with counterparts. Those with higher education level (AOR= 0.43; 95% CI :0.27-0.71), emoloyed by female employers with higher educational level(AOR=0.51; 95%CI: 0.31-0.83) were less likely to be violted. About 87.6% of domestic workers were silent despite of being violeted. In-Depth interview finding also demonstrated the maids lived experience of without dignity and with frequent violation of their basic human right. Conclusion and recommendation: the prevalence of violence against women among domestic worker was high. Educational status of employers and domestic workers, alcohol drinking practice of employers, work experience and type of work agreement by domestic worker were the associated factors of violence against evening female students. To overcome this violence the government should ratify the international labour organization convention C-189. Ministry of women, children and youth affairs must enforce the laws to be fully implemented. Educating the community and strengthening and integrating the school Gender club program is highly recommended.



violence against women