Factors Affecting the Adoption of Soil and Water Conservation Practices in North Eastern Ethiopia.

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Addis Ababa University


In the past, various soil and water conservation practices were introduced and implemented in Ethiopia. Still, those technologies failed to get acceptance of the land users because of their limitations and constraints. Thus, identification of constraints in relation to the adoption of soil and water conservation practices is of paramount importance. The study was undertaken in Meket Woreda of North Eastern Ethiopia, ANRS. The data were collected from 105 farmers residing in 4 Kebeles that are randomly selected from 35 rural Kebeles 'where soil and water technologies have been introduced and widely implemented. Both qualitative and quantitative data were used to have reliable information. The basic data used for this study were collected FOn! sample households, focus group participants and key informants through structured questionnaire and semi-structured checklists. Descriptive statistics and binary logistic model were employed to assess and identifY the factors that determine adoption of soil and water conservation practices. Both indigenous and improved SWC measures are practicing in the study area. About 64.8% of the sampledfarmers were adopters and 35.2% were non-adopters ofSWC measures. Demographic, socio-economic and institutional factors influence the investment of households commit to soil and water conservation measures. The result of the model shows that the explanatory variables: farmers' level of perception on soil erosion, farmers experience in farming and extension service given by development agents increases the likelihood of adoption of soil and water conservation practices measures by the farmers. On the other hand, involvement in off-farm activities has a negative and significant influence on the adoption of soil and water conservation activities in the study area. In order to improve SWC practices; policy makers, extension experts and development agents should give due attention for those significant variables that determine farmers ' adoption of SWC measures.



Affecting the Adoption of Soil