Food Aid: it’s Effect and Result on Household Food Security: Case Study of Agege Local Government Area, Lagos State in Nigeria

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Addis Ababa University


This Research study basically examined and analyzed the effect and result of food aid on household food security in Agege local government area, Lagos in Nigeria. The region was chosen because it goes through so many struggles; the government does not do much where these people are concerned. There is persistent drought, poverty, illiteracy, all of which exists due to both man made and natural causes. The major objective of this research was to critically get information of recipient households on Food aid including their own perception of Food aid. This research also aimed to find out various things including how often or not these chosen region gets food aid and the major difficulties associated with getting food aid in the first place. The underlying causes or reasons why it is difficult to get food that is meant to be free in the first place (Emergency/ Relief Food aid) was also analyzed. The materials and information that made up this research paper was gathered from different places and it was done by employing both primary and secondary data, NGO’s and governmental organizations contributed tremendously including The Ministry of Works and Housing, Ministry of Industry and Trade, Food Security Centre (Nigeria), the Nigerian Food Reserve and Operation Feed the Nation. The Coping/ Survival Strategies of the region was also assessed and as suspected, many households starved themselves so that they would have something to consume in the future, rationing and eating smaller portion was also widely employed in the region. The study showed that 64.5% of the total households were food insecure, but upon the collection of food aid, their food insecurity level reduced to 55.5%. The households also had a very positive attitude towards food aid in reducing their food security problem. Overall, most of the households appreciated the fact that they were able to get food from outside as they loudly pointed out how difficult it would have been to survive on their own without outside intervention. With regards to the influence of Food Aid on Agriculture, 60% said that food aid had no influence on Agriculture, while only 8% said that it did have an influence on agriculture. It is therefore suggested that among other things, beneficiary engagement in the process of food and carefully designed Food For Work programs, careful targeting, limiting food aid to those who are not very much in dire need of food aid, for the fact that some households receive food aid even when they do not need it, due to lack of management within the system by those in charge of distributing food aid, creating off farm employment opportunities and effective use of food aid resources could help to better household food security and food aid effect in Agege



Food Security