Evaluation of State Catchment Management System in Keku Kalo Kebele in Jima Rare District, Western Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Ethiopia initiated „state catchment management‟ program to combat land degradation and to count its impact on sustainable development. This study was conducted on evaluation of state catchment management system in Keku Kalo Kebele in Jima Rare district, Western Ethiopia. The study was carried out from September 16 to July 2017. The objective of the study was to assess the difference between pre-existed (traditional) catchment management system and the improved state catchment management system, to identify factors that affect state catchment management of the area, to evaluate survived and non-survived planted trees and to give some recommendations about the management system of the area using systematic sampling method 40 households were selected as respondents. Development agents (DAs) were selected by non-probability sampling method. To determine survived and non-survived planted trees line transect method was used. Other data were also collected via both open and close ended questions, key informant interview focus group discussion, observation and by using secondary data like geographic information system based on agricultural statics office of both published and unpublished „Catchment management system documents.” The data collected were analyzed using simple statistical methods such as ratio, percentages, cross tabulation and graphs. The result showed that there were factors that affected farmers‟ participation on catchment management such as indigenous knowledge, improved methods, biophysical and agro ecological practices and institutional factors. 47.5% of the farmers were not visited by local agents. Men and women did not participate equally; only 12.5% respondents sate that women have participation on catchment management activities. Of 4.5 hectare only 2.24 hectare was planted 2.26 hectare was remained uncovered. The 625 m2 of sampled area of land holds 625 individual plants (trees) with the gap of one meter each. The 2.24 hectare of land at maximum can also hold more than or equal to 22400 total plants of which some might survived and while, others dried and the holes were empty. Therefore, based on the finding of this study, it is recommended that there was need of awareness creation for local farmers in order to develop ownership arranged. The planting system should not be interrupted and current care should be taken into consideration and additional guard with full facilities should be employed.



Evaluation of State, Catchment Management, Jima Rare District, Western Ethiopia