Livelihood Diversification and Livelihood Sustainability in The Pastoral Lands of Ethiopia: The Case of Karrayu Agropastoralists In Gola and Galcha Kebeles of Fantalle Woreda

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Addis Abeba university


The mam purpose of this study was to explore the contribution of livelihood diversification in constructing sustainable livelihood. The focus was to investigate the motivating factors of livelihood diversification, to identify the groups that are engaged in diversification and to examine the groups that achieved success. Thus, in conducting the study the researcher selected Gola and Galcha kabeles of Fentale Woreda as a study area. Seventy-one households w~re selected as the subject of the study. Questionnaires were administered to the seventy one households, interview were conducted with eight key informants who have been selected based on their background knowledge about the issue. Focus Group Discussion was held with four groups of male and female participants. In addition to that, personal observations were undertaken in the study. Percentage and descriptive analysis were used to analyze the data . The findings indicated that, in the study area livelihood diversification is undertaken as a risk minimizing strategy. Though, households in the poor, middle, and rich wealth group were found to be engaged in cultivation as livelihood diversification, they are those households in the rich wealth group that could generate additional income from cultivation and build the capacity to deal with 'and recover from stress and shocks. Natural resources degradation associated with Population explosion and the expansion of farming are found to be major threats for the sustainability of cultivation as a livelihood in the study area . Thus, in order to ensure the survival of the people and avert the degradation of natural resources, environmental relieving mechanisms have to be designed. Building the human and physical capital of the study area can contribute a lot in this regarded



The Pastoral Lands of Ethiopia