An Assessment of Benefits and Challenges of Household Rainwater Harvesting Ponds in Kilte Awlaelo Woreda, Eastern Tigray

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Addis Ababa University


Agriculture in Tigray is characterized by small scale subsistence rain- fed fanning with low productivity emanated from poor resource base, high spatial and temporal variability of rainfall; and severe environmental degradation that resulted in high level of food insecurity in the region. The regional government of Tigray has designed an integrated food security program to improve agricultural productivity and tackle the prevailing food insecurity. Construction of household rainwater harvesting ponds was one of the interventions designed to address the problem of low productivity and enhance household food security. The paper examines the benefits and challenges of adopting household rainwater harvesting ponds in Kilte Awolaelo woreda, Eastern Tigray. The main focus of the study is to assess the contribution of pond water utilization towards increasing aglicultural productivity, household income and the potential to reduce household food insecurity. The study also aims at exploring the mujor issues and challenges related to household ponds. To attain the objectives of the study, household survey, focus group discussion, and key infomtant interview were employed to collect data at household and individual levels. The results reveal that adoption and utilization of household ponds have a positive impact in improving and diversification of agricultural production. Ponds also enable farmers to generate income from the sale of crops grown by using the s tored water as supplementary irrigation which improves their access to food and hence reduce household food insecurity. The results of the study also show that the program has faced problems related to the design, lacle of training, wrong site selection of ponds, lack of construction materials, high labour demand and so on. The study concludes by suggesting measures that may be t en for better implementation of the technology.



Rainwater Harvesting Ponds, Challenges of Household