Study of Occupational Safety and Health in Ethiopian Construction Industry: A Case Study on Addis Ababa and Welkite

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Addis Ababa University


construction companies in Ethiopia specifically Addis Ababa and Welkite. Consequently, survey research design was used to accomplish the objective of the study. Mainly a five point Likert scale questionnaire was distributed to engineers and foremen in construction companies and consultants to collect the data on the level of health and safety conditions of construction activities. Descriptive analysis is used to summarize and interpret the data. Accordingly, the findings indicate that the overall safety and health condition in the Ethiopian construction industry is very poor. In addition there is very low level of implementation of OSH standards, rule and policies in the construction companies. Little training and orientation on OSH is given to employees, most of the construction companies do not have OSH components like written safety policy, safety officer, health and safety committee, hazard identification and reporting program, and properly placed safety signs. Based on the responses obtained from engineers/foremen, poor working conditions and environment, and lack of personal protective equipment are the main causes of accidents in the construction sector. On the other hand, foot and hand injuries, and falling from heights are the more frequently occurring types of accidents in the industry.