An Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants used by Local Pcople in Menz Gera Midir District, North Shcwa Zone of Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


All ellll/obolal/ieal sludy was conducted 10 docl/menl medicinal plwlI.\· lH'ed by the local people and their indigenous knowledge ill Menz Gera Midir Districl, North Shewa Zone of the Amhara Regional State. Ethiopia. Data were collected from 72 (12 of Ihem key informams) informa",s using semi-structured interviews, group discus!:.-ions and guided field walk. Priority ranking, paired comparil·oll. (IireCI matrix ral/king and by calclilalion of the informam consensus faclOr (ICF) were IIsed ill dow analysis. Ol/e hUlldred fifty five medicinal plant '!'pecies from the natural vegetation (67. J%) and homegardells (32.9%) claimed to be used by the local people for the treatment of human and livestock ailments. A total of I J j species are ",elltiolled for the treatment of only hllman heallh problems, 10 species for Irealllleni of /ivesrock ailmellls only and 30 for both human and livestock diseases. Asleraceae, which cOlllributed 16 species. s/Ood first followed by Lamiaceae with 12 species. The medicinal flora of the study area is composed of 68 (43. 9%) herb. 47 shrub, 29 tree and I I climber species. The IIIOSt frequently used p{alll parll' are leaws (43.9%) followed by roots (31%). The most frequent mode of preparalion of plmll medicine was pounding (27. 9O.Ai) followed by powdering (I6%). The most COIIIIIIon route of administration of tradilional medicine was oral (48%) followed by dermal (28.6%). The highesl ICF values were linked ro problems associated wilh abdominal and gastrointestinal diseases (0.86) followed by dermatological problelll (0.83). Priority ranking showed that people of the area preferred Lupilllls albus, which was the rarest medicinal plant in the study area. Paired comparison offive species ofp/(lIIb showed thm Cucllfbira pepo is the most preferred species by Iradi/ional healers for the trealment of headache. Olea eurOlxlea subsp. cllspidara was shaWl/to be the IIIO!>'t IIIl1ltipllrpo'!"e species. The medicillal planl remurce of the area is I"reatened by agriclllwral expansion to grazing lal/ds andforests, charcoal making, firewood collection and O\·ergra:illg. I"-situ cOllsen'ation and cultivatioll of medicinal plallis in homegardens are recommended as remedial actions.



Ethnobotany, Medicinal plants, Indigenous Knowledge, Informant consensus factor, Menz Gera Midir District