An Assessment of Urban Land Tenure Systems and Housing Development in Addis Ababa: The Case of Addis Ketema

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Addis Ababa University


This study identified the major tenure systems wilh the corresponding property righls and Ihe relationship behveen lenure and housing development. It also examines the extent to which factors like tenure type. tenure security local ion of the area, households income, land/housing/ policy, land/housing administration and management affecltenants in developing Iheir piece of land/houses. A sample of 302 households from three selected kebeles in Addis Ketema Sub City, were selected randomly. These households were divided into public, private and informal tenure types. To conduct the study survey queslionnaire, key informant interview, field observation and photography were used. The result indicaled that different kinds of land/housing lenure system such as freehold, leasehold, cooperatives, condominium, public rental and informal coexisted in Addis Ketema. The existing tenure differences had its own effect on the types of rights, level of security and housing development. Concerning property rights, there is a problem of clarity and lack of law enforcement. There is a considerable degree of insecurity on the private owner and public rental tenants, and a high degree of insecurity on the informal tenants side. Due to this, private owners and public renlal tenants were involved on developmental activities to improve their house. However, informal tenants were reluctant to develop their house. Those houses under Ihe possession of private owners are in a good condition, while majorily of publicly owned rental houses are to the contrary. The availability of basic utilities was in a beller condition for private owners. However, a significant number of public rentals do not have tap water and kitchen. The informal lenants reside in shanty houses and have no basic utilities like water and toilet of their own. A significant number of private owner and public rental tenants confirmed the existence of corruption, employee's capacity problem and prejudice in the adjudication process. Therefore, the study advocates for promulgation and application of comprehensive land and housing tenure policies. Design and implement a flexible tenure types. Introduce and implement cadastre and promulgate a clear and fair real properly rights for all houses and land tenures. Improve the housing condilions and availability of basic infrastructures and utilities by working together with the community, NGOs and private developers. Design a clear and feasible duties and responsibililiesfor city, sub city and kebele land and housing administrators and managers. Conduct capacity-building programs for employees of land and housing managers and administrators a/ the sub city and kebele level.