Urban poverty in Ethiopian cities: A case from poor neighborhoods of Hawassa City, SNNPR.

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Addis Ababa University


This study was conducted in Hawassa City and it was triggered by problems like scant literatures in the issue of urban poverty in the country, spatially biased nature of these scant literatures and neglect paid to the urban centers and the urban poor of the country. Hence, in this study attempts were made to address these problems by meeting objectives of the study. The main objective of the study was to uncover the realities of the urban poor's and the environment they reside in. The specific objectives derived from this include identify the prime cause of urban poverty in the study area, explain the living conditions of the urban poor, address the impacts of urban poverty, explain environmental impacts in the study area and assess the role of concerned agencies in addressing the problem. To achieve this end, both primary and secondary data sources were used. The primary data collection methods used includes survey questionnaire, interview and observation. The data gathered through these methods were analyzed and interpreted thoroughly; producing major findings of the sn1dy. The major findings of the study were substantiated by secondary data sources from different literatures; to increase credibility of the findings. The major findings of the study include very high illiteracy and related low paying dead end jobs, extremel y high population density, problems in meeting educational qualifications among children of the poor, very high rent tenancy primarily attracted by low rent fee s, exploitation of . ~ . the poor and neglect by government agencies. And it was concluded that most of these problems, primarily, emanates from the high illiteracy and its consequent low paying jobs; while not . forgetting the neglect by government agencies have also . con!ribuHon. To address the problems identified recommendations were made: promoting adult functional literacy, building low cost houses , ensure quality of education at the public schools and the likes.



Ethiopian cities