Prevalence of HIV/AIDS in West Hararghe Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS “Acquired immune deficiency syndrome” has become one of the most serious health and development challenges (UNAIDS, 2013). The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of HIV/AIDS from September 2016- February 2019 in selected Hospitals and Health Centers in West Hararghe zone, Oromia regional state, Ethiopia. Ten Health institutions, two Hospitals and eight Health centers were used for sampling. All the data was collected by tally method from the “VCTs Registration Log Book” and from the “quarterly reporting format” of the health institutions taken as a sample. A total number of 113,242 individuals were tested for HIV in 10 woredas. A four (4) year’s annual clinical data record was collected from each woredas. The assessment of the retrospective clinical data record showed HIV/AIDS to be about 2.35% average annual prevalence. The data record also showed that HIV prevalence decreased from 7.5% in 2016 to 2.35% in 2019. According to the study, 43.75% of the HIV positive individuals were males and 56.26% were females. The data also showed that the disease is more prevalent in the age groups of 15-30 years. Females are affected more than males and people of age 15-30 are more affected by HIV. Health professionals in each health centers should design programs on comprehensive education on sexual and reproductive health to protect people from situations that would place them at risk of HIV infection.



HIV/AIDS, Prevalence, West Hararghe Zone, Woreda