Assessment of Selected Hematological and Biochemical Profile of Trainees at Ethiopian Youth Sports Academy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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Addis Abeba University


Background The main aim of this study to assess the selected hematological and biochemical profile of trainees at the Ethiopian youth sports academy in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Taking part in sports at a young age has many important health benefits, even if it may involve some risk. This happens mostly at the elite level given the intensive training programs and high-frequency participation in sports events.The response of this exercise involves changes in the hematological and biochemical profiles of the body, which was inadequately investigated in our set up. Methods: - Cross-sectional study was donefrom Jan to March 2020 recruiting 230 Ethiopian youth sports academy (EYSA) trainees who were taking training indifferent sports types. Hematological and biochemical profiles weremeasuredfrom whole blood and serum collectedby EDTA and SST, respectively. Sysmex XN hematological and BS 200 Mindraybiochemical analyzeswere used for analysis. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 23softwareand tests including chi-square, preasons correlation, one-way ANOVAs, Games Howells post hoc test. Statistical significance was set at a 95% confidence interval and P-value is less than 0.05. Results: - The hematological and selected biochemical parameters determined for both male and female RBC male (mean ± SD), 5.52 ± 0.46, 5.14 ±0.39, HGB 15.98 ±1.32, 15.00 ±1.07, PLT 274.20 ± 59.24, 292.24 ±63.30, WBC 5.95 ± 1.72, 6.25 ± 1.69, Creatinine 0.79 ± 0.16, 0.83 ± 0.18, and cholesterol 108.78 ± 24.42, 124.03 ± 31. 33. etc.respectively.In the study, there was a statistically significant association between hematological profile with the year of training experience for HCT, basophils % (P< 0.05) others hematological and biochemical parameters did not have significance (P>0.05). Variation hematological and biochemical profile between different sport disciplines statistically significant differences for all hematological and biochemical profile (P< 0.05) except for MCH, PLT, Monocyte, lymphocyte, basophil absolute numbers, basophils % and GPT whose p-value were (> 0.05). Conclusion: - Hematological and biochemical profiles were determined for both male and female trainees of EYSA. Association of hematological and selected biochemical profile with years of training experience did not show a significant difference for both parameters except HCT and BASO %. Variation of both hematological and biochemical profile for most parameters had a statistically significant difference between mean group and between differentsports discipline Recommendation: -It will be useful if clinicians use the determined hematological parameters as a reference until the discipline-specific reference range is stated for them.



Sport, hematological and biochemical profiles, Ethiopian youth sports academy.