Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of People Towards Urban Environmental Sanitation in Wereda Nine Administration of Gullele Sub-City of Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices of people towards urban environmental sanitation in Wereda nine administration of Gullele sub-city of Addis Ababa. Purposive and simple random sampling method was used to conduct the research. A total of 345 respondents had participated in the study. Knowledge, attitudes and practices associated with urban environmental sanitation questionnaires and personal observation were the instruments used for data collection. The collected data were analyzed using tables, frequency distribution, percentages, means, graphs and chi-square test. The finding of the study revealed that respondents were knowledgeable about urban environmental sanitation, however it was not adequate. Knowledge of residents’ on environmental sanitation should be promoted. Those with lower level of education should be the focus group. This can be achieved through organizing workshops, seminars and conferences on environmental sanitation by environmental sanitation authorities and public health educators. Majority of the respondents had favorable attitude to urban environmental sanitation, but there was some inconsistencies on residents’ attitude towards various urban environmental sanitation matters. Health education and hygiene awareness should be promoted to influence the resident’s attitude that target personal, household and community hygiene and sanitation. The result of the study also revealed that there were improper practices of the residents associated with urban environmental sanitation. Special attention should be given on practical engagement of the residents in the community through developing urban garden, urban beautification and urban agriculture. Lastly, based on the findings, it is also possible to conclude that there was no statistically significant relationship between gender and knowledge of people but there was statistically significant relationship between age and level of education on knowledge of people, there was statistically significant difference in the influence of gender, age and level of education on attitude of people and there was statistically significant difference in the influence of gender, age, level of education ,level of income and family size on practice of people in relation to urban environmental sanitation. Based on the research findings it was recommended that, in order to improve people’s urban environmental sanitation knowledge, attitude and practice all stakeholders should have to play their own roles. Key words: environmental sanitation, knowledge, attitude, practice



Environmental Sanitation, knowledge, Attitude, Practice