The Role of Non- and off-Farm Activities in Rural Household Livelihoods: The Case of Gubalfto Woreda, North Wollo Zone, Amhara Region

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Addis Ababa University


This study tries to explore the characteristic of non-and off-farm activities and their role in rural household livelihoods in Gubalaflo Woreda of Amhara Regional State. The challenges of undertaking non-and ofJ-farm activities of the study Woreda and local government institutional support to non-and ofJ-farm activities are also explored. The study used household survey, focus group discussions, key-informant in- depth interviews, andjield observation to generate primary data. Descriptive statistical analysis was utilized to present results and discussions. The study jinds that orientation toward non-and off-farm activities in the study area is a result of historical factors, transforming structures and pressures arising from declining agricultural production and productivity. Findings indicate that households were forced to undertake additional activities in order to compensate failures in agricultural income and in order to maintain their social and economic viability. Non-and off- farm activities of the study area are survival oriented seasonal supplementary activities, but their contribution to household livelihood security is of great value in economic and social terms. The implication of the study is that stimulating the non-farm sector requires interventions ranging from well organized, planned and demand driven institutional support at local and regional level through developing existing niches to expanding large and medium scale irrigation at local level.



Rural Household Livelihoods: