Challenges of Building Developmental States in Africa: The case of Rwanda and

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Addis ababa university


This paper examines Challenges of Building Developmental State of Africa: The case of Rwanda and Ethiopia. The political setting is tightly constrained, ethnic based and the state has not allowed the private sector freedom of action to generate the required levels of production. The prevalence of party allegiance at the expense of meritocracy in recruitment and promotion coupled with corruption and rampant rent-seeking political economy became threat to the country’s existence and development. Ultimate success will depend on the capacity to transform a state as it has been central to the development process. Rwanda has made achievements in building developmental state as part of its priority means of poverty reduction. It also backed its economy in the spirit of f nationalism and by structuring its political structure through some restrictions including the 2003 ban on political parties based on ethnicity, religion, or sex. Major parties include the Rwandan Patriotic Front, the Social Democratic Party, and the Liberal Party. Further, it has also performed well in other aspects towards building a developmental state. The subject matter of the study i.e. the developmental state has not been researched adequately. Particularly in the case of Ethiopia little research is available on the issue. Hence, this research is intended to provide preliminary understanding on the factors, instigating specific questions in this line of inquiry. Therefore, the exploratory research design is most suited to the purpose sought – exploring factors affecting the developmental state perspective. In order to analyze the problem, secondary data was collected.



Developmental state, Democratic Developmental State, feature of Developmental state, Ethiopia & Rwanda