A Comparison of the Reading Level of Bahir Dar Teachers' College Freshman Students With the Reading Levels Expected of Them

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study is primarily to find out the gap bet\;een the actual r eading ability and whut is expected of the Bahir Dar Teachers' College freshman s tudents in their s ubj ect area t ext books. Its secondary purpose is to investigate whether a significant difference exists between and among the groups of t he sampl e population due to some variables . In order to accomplish this goal , eleven degree and seventeen diploma English students, sixteen degree and thirty-four diploma Geography students totalling seventy- eight werc taken as it sample population r epresenting the social science fres hman students. Six passages from English for New Ethiopia series were taken for both department students and three passages related to their fie ld of studies for each department st udents were cposen based on the instructions r ecommended by Fry; s (1968) formu l a (graph). Cloze and comprehension tests were set and administered to the sample population and the n ecessa~y statistical data were obtained us ing a computer. Bes ides, cloze and comprehension error ana lyses of the student,' responses were done. ~~il e the result of tho cloze analys i s indicat es that the students l ack an adequate knowledge of the English grammar and sufficent vocabulary stock, t he analysis of the comprehension question r esponses show that they are deficient in t he higher comprehension skills. Apart from the cloze and comprehension tests, a questionnaire was administered to see whether di fferences exi s t between the groups due to the variables s t ated in the questionnaire. The r esult, however , indicates no 5i~nificant differenc<: amon" t he rrouns exc'Opt for two cases. In peneral , the result of t~e study reveals that the ~ctual r eading abili ty of the two dep:lrtl'HJnt students enables theP1 t o read t ext books of grade four dHf iculty levels with tl'.€ h€lp of it teacher. This implies that the students' r eadinr ability is far l'elo\'l the expected standard and the problem is acute. The researcher hopes that the concerned autho~ities s~ould do somethinp. in order t o solve the nroblem



Reading Level of Bahir Dar Teachers'