Architectural Intervention for Rural Farmer:Adoption of Alternative and Cost-Effective Construction Technology of Housing in ‘Wenago’ Wereda, Dilla, Southern Ethiopia


This thesis, which focuses on alternative construction technology in which a new type of house to provides great advantages over current rural housing alternatives. The major aims are to contribute knowledge about what type of construction technology appropriate and how to implement in rural-housing successfully. Cost effective alternative construction technology could be an appropriate option in rural areas, where human labour is a less restricted resource compared to monetary capital, and most of the materials needed are locally available. Data were collected by both primary and secondary methods.Detail observation, questioner and group discussion was used for gathering data from study area. The result implies the housing condition low standard and it also impact on other health related problem for the resident. The finding indicate that study area the household did not allow its occupants to work out their basic activities (the things people do) such as preparing their food, sleeping, eating, display the family & social interaction and shelter for the family and for their domestic animal, and the ways in which these are met, and whether one is in conflict with the other, is a measure of how appropriate the housing is for the activity or activities in question. Housing provides the scenario for family life, recreation, rest, sleep and social interaction it follows that many aspects of sample housing, such as overcrowding, noise, air pollution, bad odours or dampness, give rise to considerable dissatisfaction and annoyance and perhaps contribute to poor health. Conclusion of this thesis is that in the study area need cost effective housing, that have great potential for future rural housing in Ethiopia, to improve their living standard and reduce impact on their health status. The housing must be durable, higher-standard, low-cost housing for the rural society and contextually appropriate. Finally,the study recommended cost-effective construction technology of housing, that is satisfies the most bottom and fundamental human needs for shelter and other needs that people aspire home including psychological, social, and aesthetic needs and ultimately, need for self-actualization. It was found that highly minimized construction cost, including material and labour cost, can be saved by using the low-cost housing construction technologies for walling, slab and roofing system.


This thesis is submitted to the graduate Program Director of Ethiopian Institution of Architecture, Building Construction and City Development (EiABC) Addis Ababa University, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the Masters of Science Degree in Architectural Engineering


Rural housing alternatives, Cost-Effective Construction