. Evaluation of the level of service rendered by functioning Rural water supply schemes: case of farta woreda, amhara Region, ethiopia

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Addis Ababauniversity


Evaluation of the Level of Service Rendered by Functioning Rural Water Supply Schemes: Case of Farta woreda of Amhara region, Ethiopia Mebit Mitiku Addis Ababa University, 2013 All reports confirm that the rural water supply coverage of Ethiopia have been in strong upward trajectory since 1990. RWSEP/COWASH project has been implementing rural water supply schemes using CMP approach in Amhara region of Ethiopia since 2003. The project has achieved significant result on rural water supply schemes; functionality, implementation rate and community empowerment. CMP related researches confirm that the approach has achieved more than 98% of rural water supply scheme functionality. However, the level of service delivered by those functional water supply schemes had not been studied so far. Therefore, focusing on functioning rural water supply schemes in Farta woreda, the present study evaluated the service level using water quantity, quality, accessibility and reliability indicators, identify determinant factors affecting rural water supply schemes functionality and service level. Comparisons were made on the level of service delivered by those schemes implemented by NGO managed project approach against CMP. The study is both qualitative and quantitative in its design. Questionnaire, focused group discussion, key informant interview, observation, and document analysis are the main data gathering tools used in this study. The quantitative data collected were analyzed using SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Science) and presented through tables, graphs and charts where as the qualitative information were precisely narrated. To come up with valid conclusion rural water supply schemes were selected using representative sampling technique. The household survey found water quantity is the worst to meet the national target, only 1/4th of beneficiaries met the water quantity set by the UAP. Design problems, lack of community cohesion during construction, monitoring and supervision and environmental problems were found as important factors affecting water supply service level beneficiaries get from functioning rural water supply schemes. Key words: rural water supply, water quantity, water quality, accessibility, reliability, functionality and service level/quality



rural water supply; water quantity; water quality; accessibility; reliability; functionality and service level/quality