Assessing the Determinants of Farmers ' Decision to Use and Maintain Improved Soil and Water Conservation Measures: The Case of Choke Mountain Watershed, Upper Blue Nile, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Ethiopian economy is still highly depends on agriculture, however, the development of this sector is hampered by many factors, among which land degradation mainly due to soil erosion and nutrient depletion coupled with poverty, fast growing population and policy failures has become the most important developmental problems in Ethiopia. Soil erosion particularly is a serious problem in the region in general and in the study area in particular. Although lots of effort has been done to the intervention of conservation program, the success has not been comparable with the efforts made. Therefore, this study was designed and conducted in Choke Mountain watershed with the objectives of examining farmers' perception of erosion problem, extent of community participation on SWC works, effectiveness of technologies and to analyze determinants of farmer' decision to maintain conservation structures. To achieve this objectives, relevant primary data was collected from household survey, focus group discussion, key informant interview and field observation; and also it was supplemented with secondOlY data collected from various publication, reports, and office contacts. The household survey was collected from a randomly selected sample of J 20 household heads drawn from five rural kebeles of five different agro-ecosystem zones of Choke Mountain watershed region by using probability proportional to sample size technique. Descriptive statistics with appropriate statistical tests and binOlY logistic regression model were employed to analyze collected data. Thus, this research presented important information, justification and findings concerning conservation efforts made in the area. The survey result indicated that only 38% of sample respondents were maintaining constructed conservation measures regularly whereas the rest majority of them (63%) were decided either to remove after just mass construction of the structure or have no interest to maintain it regularly at all. The results also revealed that educational level of the household head, perception of erosion, participation, effectiveness of technologies, extension contact, land ownership and slope of the plot were found to be positively and significantly affected farmers' decision to use and maintain improved soil conservation technologies. Finally, important recommendations which were found to be of paramount importance from the findings of study are suggested for concerned bodies to the attainment of sustainable soil and water management activities which include: community empowerment, genuine community participation, appropriate technology, good institutional support and improved farming practices and appropriate livestock management were recommended. Key Words: Soil erosioll, SWC, Determillallts of SWC, Choke MOlllltain Watershed



Soil erosioll, SWC, Determillallts of SWC, Choke MOlllltain Watershed