Assessment of Post Slaughter Hide and Skin Defects and Market Analysis in Arsi Negele and Shashemene Woredas, West arsi, Oromia Regional State

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Addis Ababauniversity


The current cross sectional study was conducted from November 2014 to March 2015 on post slaughter hide and skin defects and market chain analysis in Arsi Negele and Shashemene woredas of west Arsi Zone Oromia Regional state. Eight kebeles from each woredas were selected purposively and numbers of house hold producer in each kebeles were taken proportionally. In addition to these, 24 butcheries, 5 middlemen and 4 collection centres were visited. One hundred households from each woreda were interviewed and 384 hides and skins at each woreda were sampled for prevalence of post slaughter defects at the four collection centers. Accordingly, 180 hides, 284 sheep skin and 304 goat skins (based on the supply proportion for each species) were visually inspected. Measurement of hide and skin were also carried out and were graded according to the standard set by Ethiopian Quality and Standard Authority. The result showed 94% of Arsi Negele and 97% of Shashemene house hold respondents had experience of slaughtering livestock at home. Respondents perceive that absence of flay cut, Freshness, Size and weight of the skin are major criteria for quality of hide and skin. Respondents from their experience ascertained also that flay cut, dirt, flesh remnant and blood were among the major defects encountered during slaughtering process where as dirt, delay in selling and putrefaction are also problems encountered after slaughtering process of livestock by producers. Majority (89%) of the sampled households reported to sell hide and skin to the formal market. Salting hides and skin is a practice very commonly adopted by middle men and collection centers in both woredas. Inspection of hides and skins at collection centres revealed that cattle hides had major defects such as flesh remnants, blood, dirt, corduroying and hole/flay cut. Similarly sheep skins were found to have flesh remnant (79.6%) and dirt (65.5%) Flesh remnant and dirt were also encountered as major defects on goat skins of the study areas. Measurement of the raw materials also demonstrated that large proportion of the sampled fresh and salted cattle hide were in the medium weight category whereas large proportion of the sampled fresh sheep and goat skin were in the extra light category and salted sheep and goat skin fall in the extra heavy category. On the other hand size measurement also showed that most of the sampled fresh and salted sheep and goat skin fall in medium and small size xi category. Four lines of market channels were identified for hides and skins. This starts from producers followed by middlemen, collection centres and tanneries. Producer in the study woredas usually were price takers and also had limited market information. It can be concluded that the post-slaughter defects demonstrated have the potential to downgrade the quality of hide and skins in the study areas. However, they can easily be minimized through continuous awareness creation and training and provision of more access to market and better price offer. Key words: Arsi Negele, hide, management, market, quality, Shashemene, skin, post slaughter



Arsi Negele, hide, management, market, quality, Shashemene, skin post slaughter