The Socio-economic Implications of Rural-Urban Migration: on Yeka sub-city woreda 08, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Addis ababa university


This study explored the socio-economic implications of rural-urban migration in the selected Woreda of Yeka sub-city, Addis Ababa. The study employed a qualitative method. In-depth interviews and observation were used to collect data. In contrast, secondary data was collected from different kinds of literatures and documents. A total of 25 participants have participated in the study, including urban residents, rural migrants, and local officials. The study participants were selected based on three sampling methods: purposive sampling method, snowball sampling method, and extreme or deviant case sampling method. Data analysis was made according to the objective of the study. The findings of the study reveal that rural-urban migration has positive and negative implications on Addis Ababa, Yeka sub-city. The favorable implication of rural-urban migration is that it will introduce migrants to new lifestyles and technologies. In addition, rural migrants also contribute to positive development outcomes, and they also play a vital role in fostering the country’s economy. On the contrary, some of the negative implications of rural-urban migration are overpopulation, unemployment, shortage of transport services, expansion of crimes, etc. The study indicates rural-urban migration is responsible for the city's population growth. The study also focuses on measures government should take to curb the issue. Rural-urban migration has affected many people's lives, including urban dwellers and rural migrants.



Rural-urban migration, Urban residents, Rural migrants