The Magnitude And Causes Of Out Of Hospital Sudden Death In Autopsy Studies, Among Selected Governmental Hospitals In Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa Universty


Background: Sudden death (SD) is one of the most important problems in medicine. More than 40% of patients die suddenly, mostly in an out-of-hospital setting. The precise prevalence of sudden cause of death (SD) in Ethiopia is poorly investigated, especially in young patients. This precludes evaluation of the Problem and determination of possible prophylactic solutions. Objective; The aim of this study was to evaluate the magnitude and Cause of out of hospitals sudden death in autopsy studies in selected governmental hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from January 1, 2014 to October 31, 2017 Methods: Retrospective study was conducted from Registry book on the magnitude and Cause of sudden death in autopsy studies of selected governmental hospitals of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from January 1, 2014 to October 31, 2017. Data was collected from police reports about circumstance of death and pathological features were analyzed by autopsy. Data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 21 and P value<0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. Result: During the Four year interval of this study, 746 patients underwent autopsy for sudden cause of death, 80.2% were males and 19.8% were females. The Mean age of the participants was 40 years. About 0.3% has risk factors. In 321 (43%), Sudden death was attributable to non-cardiac causes. 121 (16.2%) patients with uncertain pathology result and about 165 patient (22.1%) died due to disease unrelated to the heart (poisoning, intoxication and drowning). The rest of those who presented with sudden cause of death died due to cardiac causes, Cardiomyopathy 102(13.7%) and MI 36(4.8%). About 154(20.6%) and 218(29.2%) were student and employees in occupation respectively. Conclusion: In this study SCDoccurred predominantly in men of relatively young age and was most frequently associated with Myocardial Infarction. Students and employees take almost half of the SCD. Improved preventive measures, health care access, and enhanced emergency management may reduce sudden cause of death from MI and other cardiac diseases in this Area.



Sudden cause of death, sudden cause of death, Autopsy