Structural Investigation of Ethiopian Camel Hides (Camelus Dromedarius) and It’s Suitability for Leather Manufacture

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Addis Ababa University


Ethiopia has the largest livestock population in the African countries, providing a strong raw material base for the growing leather and leather products sector. The main source of raw material for the Ethiopian tanning industry comes from sheep, goat and cattle. Since the Ethiopian leather industry is booming, the industry is now looking to exploit the alternative raw materials available in the country. Camel (Camelus dromedarius) is one of the most important livestock in the East African countries. Due to lack of awareness and technology, most of the hides are not utilized fully by the tanners. Wet salted camel hides were used for this study. In the present study an attempt has been made to develop shoe upper leathers from camel hides. Owing to the excellent strength properties and the attractive grain pattern, attempts were also made to develop leather goods and belting leathers. The raw material was characterised for fat and collagen content and converted into finished leather by using suitable tanning methodology and the leathers were utilized for the preparation of different types of leathers. Histological analysis of the camel hides were carried out. Based on the histological understanding, the strategies for making different types of leathers were established. Three different types of finished leathers were developed and the physical and chemical properties were also evaluated. The results obtained from the chemical and physical tests revealed that the raw material was suitable for the manufacture of upper leather, leather goods and belting leather. Keywords: Camel hides, leather goods, belting leather, leather products



Camel hides; leather goods; belting leather; leather products