Design of Prototype Information Support System for Biodiversity Studies on Ethiopia

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


The direct benefits of biological resources to humanity (for food, fuel , fiber. medicines, drugs, and raw materials f or host of manufacture in technologies and purposes), and the intangible scientific, ethical / moral, aesthetic recreational values and the ecological services (in protecting watersheds. cycling nutrients, combating erosion , enriching soil , regulating water-flow, trapping se dements, mitigating pollute on , and controlling pest population s ) have been recognized f o r a long time . However . biological resources have not been given due care and attention by policy makers, planners, and the Public. Indeed. The large scale problems of population growth and inappropriate development strategies a r e degrading the land , water , and a atmosphere and progressively extinguishing the Earth's organisms and habitats t hey inhabit . The great loss of biod iversity suggests t he need f or conserving and managing it to ensure sustainable deve lopment. The thesis d discusses some of the research areas/topics critical to the conservation of biodiversity. It highlights the biological aspect as well as the soc i o - economic fact ors and cultural context that must be considered in successful. long-term con serration work and finally proposes and briefly discusses a national biodiversity conservation strategy to be drawn and implemented As part of conserving and managing biodiversity, it is necessary to identify what i s not known about biodiversity and create the means to increase and disseminate knowledge . The challenge of biodiversity conservation, management, and research entails not only gathering of information, but its management , application, and communication. Provision of the information needed to decision makers in monitoring, formulating policy and designing programs to conserve biodiversity is critical. To enhance the availability and application of scientific information for managing and con serving biological diversity. Setting up compute r databases and inventories and networks and harnessing the capabilities of remote sensing and geographic information systems are examined. From this point of view, again, a survey ha s been conducted on local institutions concerned wi th biodiversity , the findings analyzed, current problems and constraints identified. Prototype databases f o r plants, animals. national parks , germplasms, referral deference services have been designed; strategies for developing and implementing the databases discussed; and a national biodiversity information and monitoring system (NBIMS) proposed.



Information Science