Cell Phone Use and Students’ Achievements: The Case of Chole Secondary School Students, Arsi Zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


The main purpose of the study was to assess the effect of cell phones on student academic performance. The study was conducted in Chole Secondary Schools of Arsi Zone in Oromia Region. Stratified random sampling method was used to select the respondents of the study. Among the total of 1502 students enrolled in grades 9 and 10 during 2017/18 academic year, 75% of them were imagined to have mobile phone (1127 students). To select the required sample size (301) from 1127 target Chole Secondary School students enrolled in 2017/18 academic year, simple random sampling technique was employed. The quantitative data was gathered by the help of questionnaire from students and was analyzed by descriptive statistics that consist of percentage, mean and inferential by Pearson chi square test. The qualitative data gathered from interview was analyzed using narrative methods. Survey findings show that the negative perceived effect of mobile phone on academic performance is concerned, thorough analysis of the survey data revealed that to the average 34.12% of the students acknowledged that their mobile phone affect negatively their academic performance as 23.64 % affected positively. In other words, chi-square statistics revealed that level of mobile utilization have statistically significant association with the average grade score of students at less than 0.05. This implies that excessive mobile utilizations have significantly negative impact on the academic performance of secondary school students let alone the other things remain constant. Finally, the researcher likes to recommend that the majority of sample students are under “weak” of students’ academic achievement and too small number of sample students (3%) was among “excellent” group of students’ academic achievement. To curve the situation, the responsible bodies had better to be in a better position of helping students so as to improve their academic performance.