Local Government-Ngo Relations And Development In Ethiopia (Challenges, Opportunities And Prospects) The Case Of Development Ngos In Oromia Region

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Addis Ababauniversity


The degree to which the NGO potential is realized depends on many factors. A paramount factor is the nature of the relationship between the NGO sector and the state. Government policies and attitudes have a pivotal influence on the capacity of NGOs to operate and grow. A better understanding of factors affecting the rela tionship between the two actors at local government level, where NGOs are operational, helps maximize the development inputs by NGOs, the development of policies regulating the sector as well as shape the direction of future action for smooth relation in development discourse. This research work, therefore, endeavors to generate ideas that would be useful for smooth management and incorporation of resources the sector brings into the economy by fostering enabling policy environment. To this end, investiga tion of policies that regulate the operation of NGOs, major areas of complaint by both parties, other subsidiary factors such as institutional arrangements, economic and political factors inhibiting smooth operation of the sector in the region are dealt with in detail. The study was undertaken in National Regional State of Oromia. A stratified sampling procedure was employed to collect primary data from government institu tions at all levels (federal, regional zonal and district levels) believed to have direct relevance with the issue at hand. Respondents reached include high government officials; professionals working on NGO related posts and NGO project personnel from 35 NGOs, both indigenous and international. The survey result indicated that, though the commitment of the government to regulate, coordinate and encourage NGOs is reflected in various policy documents, adequate effort and due attention has not been given to translate policy sta tements into action. The government lacked institutional capacity to enforce its own making. Furthermore, the policy regulation and its guiding procedures for legality are found to be tedious, tiresome, bureaucratic, apart from being obsolete to conform to present realities on ground. Thus, identifying and understanding the various elements that are responsible for lack of smooth rela tions between the actors in regions like Oromia, where almost a third of NGOs operational in the country are stationed, deserves urgent research undertaking. The research find ings, will for sure contribute immense input in guiding policy decisions, and improvement in the management of the NGO sector at sub-regional, regional and national levels



Challenges, Opportunities And Prospects) The Case of Development Ngos In Oromia Region