Health Professionals‘ Psychological Distress and Associated Factors in the Post-Pandemic period of COVID-19 At Eka Kotebe General Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Humanity has battled a variety of pandemics. The Plague, Cholera, and Influenza are the most well-known of these pandemics and have caused the greatest number of fatalities. Now adays COVID-19 Is a global threat affecting all aspects of human life. Globally, the Pandemic affected how individuals‘ function, reorganizing professional work, requiring people to adjust to the constraints in place and limiting their ability to contact their loved once. Studies on this new pandemic have discovered that psychological distress in healthcare workers, such as anxiety, sadness, somatic discomfort, and burnout were experienced during the outbreak of the disease. However, the majority of studies have been done during the outbreak phase, while little has been done on job stress and psychological adaptability in healthcare personnel during the post-pandemic period. Objective: To assess Health Professionals‘ Psychological Distress and Associated Factors in the Post Pandemic period of COVID-19 at Eka Kotebe General Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2023. Methods: Institutional based cross-sectional study was done at EKGH. A sample of 416health professionals was included in this study using stratified simple random sampling technique. Self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information. After proper coding, data was entered into SPSS V.27 software. To evaluate the demographic traits and the trends in the concentration of the key variables, descriptive statistics were used. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to evaluate the significance of the association at P-value < 0.05. Result: 10.3% of the individuals reported experiencing psychological distress according to the IES-R scale. The two levels of psychological distress that the participants experienced the most frequently were mild (53.6%) and moderate (33.7%). The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that professionals with current medical illness (AOR= 4.9; 95%CI 2.39 to 10.2) and current substance users (AOR=3.8; 95% CI; 1.9 to 7.9) have statistically significant relationship with psychological distress. Conclusion: The findings of the current study confirmed the presence of psychological distress in the epidemic era and the concept that clinical circumstances like medical illness and current substance use affect health professionals' psychological distress as well as their ability to anticipate psychological distress during the post-pandemic period of COVID 19.



Post-pandemic, COVID 19, Health professionals, psychological distress, Ethiopia