Assessment of the Legal Protection of Refugees in Ethiopia: A Case Study at Sherkole Refugee Camp-assosa

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The research focuses on Refugees in Sherkole camp-Assossa. It examines the situation of the refugees in terms of their civil, political, Socio economic and cultural status in Ethiopia and explores their situation in the context of a refugee camp. It is mainly concerned with the type of the legal protection that they are awarded with both in the international and domestic refugee legal Instruments. It also investigates the rights of Refugees relating to access to territory, access to full fledged asylum procedures and human rights protections in Ethiopia. The approach used for this research is mainly a qualitative one which is suitable for the issue at hand. In-depth interviews and focus group discussions were conducted in the research. In addition, personal observation of the researcher and questionnaires were used in order to see the actual protection accorded to the refugees at camp level. From the data that were collected through these means the research described the assessment of the protection of the refugees at the normative frame work and in practice. It was uncovered through the undertaking of this research that the legal framework for refugees in Ethiopia to a large extent converges with the international convention. The legal protection relating to access to territories, access to full-fledged procedures, non refoulement, non- expUlsion, family unity or reunification, right to freedom of religion and access to justice is well respected in the normative framework. Nevertheless the legal rights of refugees to primary education and freedomof movement and the standard of treatment of refugees in wage-earning employment are restricted.The data gathered mainly through in-depth interview revealed that there is prolonged Refugee Status Determination, Spontaneous returnees, restricted freedom of movement, inadequate subsistence allowance, denial of identity paper, language barriers in the exercise of some rights, failure of repatration programs. This was found mainly due to lack of commitment and technical know-how on refugee issues and financial constraints