A Study of Slum Improvement Intervention By Integrated Holistic Approach-Urba ~ Development Project in Former Kebele 08 of Woreda 23, Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


/! is generally estimated that 80 percent of Ethiopia's urban population live in slul1Is. Despite the high incidence of slum and the high need to improve the living condition of the slum dwellers, the country's urban areas including Addis Ababa have to date witnessed small number ofresidential area upgrading programs. By conducting case study on Integrated Holistic Approach-Urban Develapment Project's neighbourhood improvement program implemented in former Kebele 08, Woreda 28 of Addis Ababa, the study assesses the overall impact and challenges faced by IHAUDP in its endeavor to improve the lives of the target slum community. To obtain primary data, the random stratified sampling method was used while conducting a questionnaire survey. The sample unit consists of household that benefited ./i·om the project. Firstly, the ·households were stratified into three strata based on the type of housing improvement pelformed on their residential units. In sum, by using the 10l/e1Y method 246 households, forming 30 percent of the total targeted beneficiaries, were selected/i"Ol17 all the three strata. The sample comprise of 164 recipients whose previous substandard dwellings were demolished and replaced by nell' units and 56 and 26 households living in residential units undergoing major and minor maintenance, respectively. Sim ilarly, 30 percent of recipients belonging to each stratum were covered by the sample survey. As per the main .findings of the study, IHA-UDP's slum upgrading intervention has brought about improvement in the overall quality of shelters housing the target beneficiaries. In addition, the community 's access to basic facilities and social infrastructures is enhanced. Throughout the phases of the project, adequate participation of the target community was achieved. Besides, on top of dealing with the physical aspect of the slum sel/lement, through holistic approach, IHAUDP has as well al/empted to address the human aspect of the inhabitants by tackling the underlying causes that exacerbate the poverty situation of the slum dwellers. Nevertheless, the lack of adequate support ji-om local government and absence of resource needed for postintenlention maintenance of the upgraded in/i·astrllctures remain to be the leading challenges faced by IHA -UDP. The non-provision of resources have great potential to reverse the achieved improvements in the housing and living conditions of the slum community. Ensuring post-project sustainability calls for strong collaboration between the community, IHA-UDP and the local level government.



Holistic Approach-Urba Development Project