Analysis of Traffic Accident In Addis Ababa: Traffic Simulation

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Addis Ababa University


This paper discusses the growing problem of road traffic crashes, particularly in Addis Ababa with particular reference to the magnitude, risk factors, interventions and research priorities. The 2004 World Health Report shows that of the 1.2 million people killed in road crash worldwide, 85% are in developing countries. The traffic police reports human error, road environment and vehicle factors as the main causes of road crashes. However, little documentation is available on the broader underlying factors such as deficiencies in the breviaries changes, ineffective road safety legislation and enforcement, systems for data collection and management, and inadequate medical infrastructure for post-injury management. Although a variety of road safety interventions have been successfully applied, little attempt has been made to promote and implement them. Every year, around 300 people are killed on Addis Ababa's roads and 1500 are light and seriously injured [Federal Police Central Bureau]. The governments have launched several campaigns, such as “Think!” and Road Safety Campaign (RSC), to help people become aware of road safety issues and try to reduce road accident. This study tries to analyze the traffic accidents, and develop a computer-based traffic simulation for the route selection. This thesis has two main functions. Firstly, the aim is to provide users with an understanding of the major causes of traffic accidents and present using several Statistical tools. At the second function, it will apply an innovative, hybrid statistical model for route selection based on accident prediction to traffic police office data. The system, if developed to include the whole network in Addis Ababa, will support several target groups, viz. all road users, Traffic Police and the Emergency and Fire Service through to insurance companies, and local government. The ideal system will Analysis of road traffic accidents in Addis Ababa: Traffic simulation iii give people useful suggestions about how to improve road planning and traffic management. In this paper, a survey is done on current prediction models and visualization techniques. A prototype system is developed using these theories. The functions in the prototype system are limited. More data is required to actualize the system on real terms. The study consists of two major parts: the first part gives detail about the road traffic accident, and Ant Based Control Algorithm implemented for road traffic management. The second part, customization of research empirical equations and experiences to our local conditions and simulate/ forecast the future trend and also with the help of software developed, route selection at the pick hours is managed for the specific path in Addis Ababa. In conclusion, the paper highlights the background of the growing problem of road traffic injuries in the city and provides some basis for optimism in tackling it.



Mechanical Engineering