Leading Schools for Improvement: Analysis of Practices and Challenges in Government Secondary School of Majang Zone, Gambella Region

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study was to assess the practices and challenges of leading school for improvement in some selected Government secondary school of Majang Zone, Gambella State. The study is conducted under this title to show the practices of school principal for the leading school for improvement and to assess the Challenges of School principal for the leading school for improvement and to come up with some possible solutions. To conduct this study a descriptive survey research design was employed. In this Zone there are 2 woredas. For this study total populations and total sample were 171 and 139 respectively. The total sample respondent were 83 teachers, 34 class representative students, 12 representative school improvement committee, 4 WEO experts, 2 external supervisors and 4 principals as sources of information from the four selected Government secondary schools. The researcher used different sampling techniques for respondents. The collected data through closed questions were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools as frequency percentage, mean, weighted mean and the overall mean, likert scale was used to analyze the responses of respondents. The data gathered through open- ended questions and interviews were analyzed qualitatively through narration for the purpose of triangulation. The findings of the study indicated below average practices of secondary school principals in implementing school improvement program domains such as, teaching-learning, community participation, healthy school environment domains. They also had above average practices of school leadership and management domain, but there are some activities related to these four domains were low practiced by school principals. Regarding the challenges; lack of experience ,low level of creating good communication, commitment of the school principals and teachers, shortage of budget, insufficient school facilities can affect the school principal in leading school for improvement. In line with the above findings and conclusion, it was recommended that principals, external supervisors and school improvement committee in collaboration with Woreda and Zone education office design and works on how to bring the experienced teachers to the leadership position, to give short and long term training