Factors Affecting Girls' Academic Achievement in Second Cycle Primary Schools in Guraghe Zone

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Addis Ababa University


The main purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting girls' academic achievement in second cycle primary schools in Guraghe zone. To achieve this objective different basic research questions were raised. The study employed concurrent mixed methods design with both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Considering the geographical area of the zone, cluster sampling technique was used and six schools were selected randomly. Student respondents were selected based on stratified sampling considering their sex, grade level and their parental SES. Teacher respondents also selected from each department by usit;19 stratified sampling tec/,]nique anri parents were chosen by using aVAilability samplin'g technique. To triangulate the data prilTlary end secondary sources of dat<;i were used. The primary data sources comprised students, te.achers, pfincipals, parenis o~ ,girls, and Woreda and Zone education experts. As secondary sour-fie of data st~"tistical and factual information of the zone education departme0t ,. and 2002 E. C first ?emester' girl students' examin'<ition result were analyzed 'and highly consulted. Depending on the research questi,o'ns and the nature of respondents, a variety of data gathering tools includirig questionnaire, interview and observation were used. Percentage was predominantly used to indicate the extent of respondents' opinion towards the issue· raised. Besides, in order to see if there is a significant .difference ·in girl stuqe!lts' academic achievement as a result of their socio economic status independent 'sample t-test was computed. As the finding of the study indicated, the second cycle primary school repetition of girls is a serious problem throughout the zone. The study also revealed that low level of parental education, low level of parental involvement in their daughter education, household chores negatively affed girls' academic achievement. School related factors like school facility, lack of role model female teachers, teachers' attitudes also negatively affected girls academic performance. Thus based on the findings of this study, it is recommended that educational officials at various levels should promote and enhance awareness creation programs on gender issue in education to parents and other community members. Teachers and school principals should work jointly with girl students and their parents to improve girls ' academic performance Moreover the local government and educational authorities, NGOs. <pnd the community should work jointly to support girls' education by facilitating the schoo.ls ,with necessary inputs for girls, by updating teachers with gender issue in edur;;atiql,l. The sc/ilools ~themselves should create conducive environment to empo'{Vf3T girls b'y assigni;lg then as team leader and members in different school curricular activitif!s:' Female teachers should playa part in this regard



affecting girls ;academic; achievement