Psychological Well-being between Institutional and Non Institutional Orphan Children in Gulele sub city, Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


The purpose of this study was to compare the psychological wellbeing among institutional and non-institutional orphan children in Gulele Sub City of Addis Ababa. This study was conducted on randomly selected Gulele sub-city, particularly in Hope for children organization, Angles children’s home and kechene orphanage. Hope for children organization is used to identify orphan children who are living in the community. The data were collected from 140 institutional and 149 non institutional orphan children whose ages range between 10 and 18 years old .The data were gathered through questionnaire and psychological wellbeing scale. Quantitative methods of data analysis were employed using percentages, t-test, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Pearson correlation. The results of the study revealed that using mid value of the psychological wellbeing scale, institutional orphan children are relatively not psychologically well compared to the non-institutional children. On the other hand, ANOVA showed that there is statistically significant difference among children of different educational levels in terms of psychological wellbeing. Furthermore, the result of post Hoc comparison revealed a significant mean difference only between Primary and Tertiary level. Similarly, the finding from Pearson moment correlation revealed statistically significant negative correlation between age and children’s psychological wellbeing. However, the independent samples t test revealed that orphans do not differ in their psychological wellbeing as a result of their current place of living and gender. The researcher, therefore, concluded that rather than current place of living and gender, orphan children’s educational background and age have impact on their psychological wellbeing.



Institutional Orphan, Children in Gulele sub city