Homegarden Plant Diversity and Their Use Category in Sinan District, East Gojjam Zone of Amhara Region

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Addis Ababa University


The homegarden is a small-scale traditional agricultural ecosystem and has played an important role in conservation and sustainable utilization of plant biodiversity. An ethnobotanical study was conducted in Sinan district, East gojjam Zone of Amhara region and investigated diversity of useful plants, their use category in the homegardens and the associated local management practices. A multistage sampling technique was employed to select three kebeles and 150 households. Ethnobotanic information were gathered by conducting observation, free-listing, group discussions, and semi-structured interview. Shannon-Weiner diversity index and Soreson`s index of similarity were used in the data anlysis and computed by using Microsoft Excel 2007. A total of 125 plant species were recorded and these are distributed in 51 families. Asteraceae stood first containing 15 (12 %) species, Fabaceae came in the second place with 11 (8. 8%) species, and Poaceae, Rosaceae and Solanaceae each in the third with 8 (6.4 %) species. Rhamnus prinoides came out as the dominant species being found in 76.67% HGs followed by Vernonia urticifolia 60.67% and Ensete ventricosum 57.33%. Diversity indices with the value of (H'= 3.38) highest for Gedamawit followed by Sinan mariyam (H'= 2.80) and Dangulie (H'= 2.62). Evenness index with the value (E = 0.73) highest for Gedamawit followed by Sinan mariyam (E =0.65) and Dangulie (E=0.63). There were about more than fifteen major use reports of plants in the study area. 60(48%) of plants that occurred in the homegardens with multiple uses took the top position followed by 45(36%) live fence plants and 43(34.4%) fodder plants among others. Therefore, it can be concluded that homegardens in the study area contain different types of plants and significantly contribute to the livelihood of the people.



Ethnobotany, Local Management Practices, Biodiversity, Sinan, East Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region