Managing Urban Institutions for Development (Employment and Housing) in Addis Ababa City

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Addis Ababa University


Addis Ababa city is experiencing rapid expansion and population growth. Following the population growth the demand for employment opportunities is getting much higher than the supply of jobs. In addition to this the expansion of the city could not significantly respond to the demand for shelter. These key problems of employment opportunity and housing shortage are becoming a challenge to urban citizens in Addis Ababa. Unless these evils are tackled, the desired fruits of development i.e. improved quality of urban citizen’s life will not be realized. None of urban institutions could resolve these problems individually but individual actions need to be coordinated, road blocks cleared and challenges tackled by different institutions having different in some cases overlapping roles. This thesis aims at exploring the government institutions’ role of enabling the private sector and NGO’s & Private Company’s contribution in tackling unemployment and housing shortages. The role of one NGO, WISE, and one private company, Sunshine construction PLC, were taken in this thesis to see their individual and coordinated action in tackling unemployment and housing shortage in Addis Ababa. This resulted in-depth understanding of the problem and recommending possible solutions. The thesis has revealed that the level of unemployment in Addis Ababa is significantly high, the absence of employment policy and coordinated action caste its shadow on the efforts of government in tackling unemployment. Similarly, there has been no coordinating organ of the housing sector that synergizes individual efforts and clear obstacles. Moreover the supply of land is a bit of a challenge that negatively affecting the supply of housing. Strong collaboration and partnership among the NGOs, private firms and the government organs responsible for housing and employment believed to bring about a positive change in the labour market and housing development



Employment, Housing