HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices among Persons with Sensory Disabilities in Addis Ababa: The Case of ENAB and ENAD

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Addis Ababa University


A cross-sectional study was conducted to explore the HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes and practices of persons with sensory disabilities. A total of 96 non-randomly selected respondents were interviewed through questionnaire. Using a descriptive statistics data analysis was done. The overall result demonstrates lack of comprehensive prevention knowledge (46.6 %) as well as comprehensive knowledge about HIV transmission without misconception (11.5%). Sex, age, being married or unmarried did not result similar patterns of differences in comprehensive knowledge. However, similar result patterns were found with level of education and what type of disability. Poor attitudes and practices towards protection from HIV/AIDS were also documented. Despite a very high level of belief in the severity of the AIDS disease (88.5%), those who perceived themselves of being at risk of HIV/AIDS was very low (22.9%). Consistent condom use was not common and only 58.3% of the respondents knew how to use a condom correctly. Only forty-three percent (43.8%) respondents believed in the effectiveness of consistent and correct use of condoms to prevent HIV. In general, the survey result indicates the need for intervention programs to save the lives of the visually and hearing impaired from this deadly disease (HIV/AIDS)



Social Work