Assessment of Safety Management Practice in Building Construction Projects in Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


In construction work, many of the accidents and hazards are obvious. Meanwhile, the rate of serious injuries and fatalities in the construction sites has been increasing as the industry is growing tremendously. The construction site workers are also forced to go workplace despite the existence of obvious COVID-19 threat due to the nature of the work where physical distancing in almost impossible for most daily labors. Therefore, the objective of this research is to assess safety management practice in Addis Ababa City building construction projects which are constructed by grade I contractors. The study focuses in identifying the root cause of accident, frequently occurring accidents and the safety measures taken for prevention of COVID-19 pandemic in construction sites. The approach used for the research was a survey research which utilized a questionnaire as a means of obtaining primary data. In this research a total of 51 questionnaires were distributed to grade I building and general contracts and 46 responses were collected for analysis. The contractors are found in sic sub city of Addis Ababa. The collected data was analyzed quantitatively using descriptive statics method in Microsoft Excel- 13 spreadsheet. Overall, the finding of the study revealed that most of the contractors have poor status in implementing safety management system and they are not well organized in considering the effect of COVID-19 pandemic in their safety management list. Based on the responses obtained from the contractors, the root causes of accident in construction site are Carelessness /Ignorance and Poor working conditions where most accidents are fallings from scaffolds, ladders, working heights during the Finishing works like plastering, painting.



Safety management practice, hazards and injuries, construction sites