Determinants of Agro-Pastoral Households’ Food Security and Coping Mechanism in Itang Special Woreda, Gambella Region, Ethiopia

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Addis Ababa University


This study investigated the households’ food security status and indigenous coping strategies adopted to overcome food shortage in Itang special wareda. Data for this study was collected through survey from 260 randomly selected sampled households. The study also, conducted key informant interview and, focus group discussion with discussants and personal field observation. Descriptive statistics and regression models were used to identify determinants of households’ food security. In addition, food security analysis techniques were used to analyze the food security status and coping strategies of the households. The results of household food insecurity access scale revealed that 13.46% of households were food secure and 86.54% of households were food insecure. Binary logistic regression model was used to identify determinants of households’ food security status. The result showed that among the variables included in the model, family size, educational level, livestock ownership and distance from the market were statistically significant in affecting the dependent variable. Family size and distance from the market affected households’ food security negatively whereas education level and livestock ownership affected the extent of food security positively. Moreover, the study identified that selling livestock, reducing meal size, consume seed from stock and prepare local wine were the top four main coping mechanisms adopted to cope up the food shortage in the study area. Finally, the study suggested that awareness of family planning; educated people to catch up with model technology; modeling livestock rearing and saving institutional environment were recommended.



Agro-pastoral, Food security, Coping mechanism, Itang special woreda, Gambella