Are Adolescents of Damot Gale district getting adequate amount of macro and micro nutrients from their diet

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Addis Abeba Universty


Background: - Adolescence is a nutritionally vulnerable period of life because of the dramatic changes in physical growth and development and the change of life style and food habits that affect both nutrient intake and needs. Inadequate quality and quantity of food are the prime determinants of nutrition. However studies are limited regarding adolescent nutrition and there is very little information on the adequacy of dietary intake among adolescents. Objective: - To estimate the level of macro and micro nutrient intake and to evaluate prevalence of inadequacy among adolescent girls 10-19 years. Method; - A community based cross-sectional study was conducted in Damot Gale district, Woliyta zone, SNNP Region. Data were collected from 288 female adolescents after random selection from six kebeles. Face to face interview was conducted using Repeated multiple pass 24-hour dietary recall method. Data on all foods and drinks consumed by the adolescents in the previous 24 hours before interview was obtained. All data collectors were equipped with dietary weighing scale, calibrated locally used utensils and salted replica of staple foods for portion size estimation. Nutrient content of foods was calculated using software package Nutrisurvey. Adequacy of nutrient intake was analysed using IMAPP (Intake Modelling, Assessment and Planning Program) and STATA 14 software. Prevalence of inadequate intake was estimated using estimated average requirement cut point method. For the intake of iron, the probability approach was used as the EAR approach was not appropriate for menstruating girls. Result: - The study found that Cereals, roots/tubers were consumed by 96.9% and 75.3% of the adolescents. However, only less than one percent of them consumed flesh food. The mean energy, carbohydrate, protein intake of the adolescent girls per day was 1452.7 (SD 356.3) kcal, 305.6 (SD 72.4) grams, and 35.7 (SD 13.3) grams respectively. Median intake of fat was 15(IQR 8.8, 19.8) grams. The prevalence of inadequate intake of protein was 60.9%. The prevalence of inadequate intake was greater than 90% for vitamin B12, vitamin C and calcium. The prevalence of inadequate intake for folate and zinc was 83.9%, 58% respectively. The prevalence of inadequate intake of iron for early adolescents (10-14 years) and late adolescents (15-19 years) was 82% and 53% respectively. VI Conclusion: - The result indicated a high prevalence of inadequate intake of nearly all nutrients among adolescent girls of Damot gale district. Recommendation: - Interventions are needed to improve the intake of both macro and micro nutrients of the adolescent girls.



Are Adolescents of Damot Gale district getting adequate