The Role of Targeted Supplementary Feeding (Tsf) on Child Nutrition Under the age of Five in South Nation Nationalities People Region Case of Mareko Worda

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Addis Ababa University


The study has been conducted with the general objectives of investigating relative recovery and growth rates of moderately wasted children under the age of five receiving blended corn Soya bean (CSB) as a supplementary food. It has examined the role of targeted supplementary feeding, the nutritional content of home-made complementary foods and determinants of targeted supplementary feeding programs and forwarded possible solutions for the effectiveness of the program. In order to elicit the required primary data: Household survey questioners, key informant interview, nutritional Laboratory analysis and anthropometric measurement tools have been utilized. Moreover, to support the primary data, secondary data analysis and observation have been undertaken to acquire relevant information. Field visit was conducted as it is believed to provide better understanding of what was actually happened on in the ground. The result of the study reveals that 71.8% of respondents were illiterate, the rate of recovery of children were 67.1%, the protein and fat content of sampled complementary foods were very low, 77.3% of respondent were practiced Intra-household sharing of ration and the prevalence rate of diarrhoea was 42.5%. Accordingly, the effectiveness and efficiency of targeting supplementary feeding programs are affected by different variables like, food insecurity of the household, educational status, family size, socio-cultural system, knowledge, perceptions and practices of mothers/caregivers. Also the knowledge, commitment, decision making ability of implementing organizations as well as responsible personnel has paramount importance for the attainment of program objectives. Moreover, access to improved health and education services, clean water and sanitation, and regular monitoring and evaluation play pivotal role for the program. In addition to the above basic problems, intra-household sharing, duration of feeding, timing of supplementation, the degree of targeting and nutritional status of entrants are the major determinant factors of targeted supplementary feeding program. Therefore, to improve the effectiveness of the program, improving health services and income generating mechanisms, capacity building and awareness creation programs, close supervision and impact evaluation programs, the commitment of professionals and partners and improving the nutritional continent of home-made complementary foods are highly required



Food Security