Assessment of Ethiopian Pastoral Development Approach and Its Impact on the Livelihood of households in Ewa Woreda of Afar Regional State

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Addis Ababa University


The study was aimed at assessing the implementation of Ethiopian pastoral development policies and their impacts on the livelihood of pastoralist in Ewa district, Afar region. The study assessed the livelihood assets possession of pastoralist in Ewa and government efforts to improve pastoral livelihood. Qualitative and quantitative data collection techniques were employed to collect data from various sources. A sample of 142 households and six key informants were selected and data was collected using household survey, focus group discussion and key informant interviews. The findings of the study indicated that possession of important livelihood assets such as livestock, land and water, access to health and education, finance and market etc., are either deteriorated or remained poor. It was found that 97.2% of the families experienced reduced livestock holding, only 38% of households claimed to own land and 14.8%, meanwhile, have lost their land. The vulnerability condition instead is steadily growing. Partly inappropriateness and partly poor implementation of state policies such as settlement and unconsented projects coupled other factors contributed for the decline of livelihood condition. Generally, pastoralists in Ewa district today are at the crossroads and need decisive actions with far-reaching significances. Collective and private land rights have to be granted, access to market, income generating activities, increasing livestock productivity through improved technologies and supplementing with crop cultivations need to be introduced. As many pastoralists see themselves to be an agro pastoralist for the future, properly planned voluntary settlement of pastoralists along the resourceful riverbanks is also commendable if the livelihoods of pastoralists in Ewa has to improve.


A thesis submitted to the Department of Public Administration and Development Management of Addis Ababa University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Masters in Public Management and Policy (MPMP


Pastoral Development, Households