Challenges of Female Students in Learning Physical Education: The Case of Hadiya Zone Preparatory Schools (SNNPR

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Addis Abeba university


The major purpose of this study was to investigate the current status and challenges of female students learning in physical education activities in Hadiya zone of SNNPR preparatory schools, and make recommendations for their participation. The main issues considered are females in sport activities, physical education as an academic disciplines, gender issue, curriculum and finally the factors that affect female students in physical education learning. To this end, descriptive survey method was employed. The study was carried out on 3 preparatory schools that were selected using random sampling techniques from 8 preparatory schools of Hadiya zone. The study also involved 200 female students selected randomly from grade 11 and grade 12, 5 teachers and 3 school directors purposely selected from the 3 sample schools. Questionnaire, observations, and interview were the instruments used for data collection. The data gathered were analyzed using the collected data were presented in a table form and analyzed using percentages. Some of the major findings including the enrollment challenges of students in the sample preparatory schools had fluctuating challenges that female students dropout was due to economic problems parents household demand of their daughter labor, early marriage and abduction. There was a significant vi difference in achievement between male and female students. Female students like better skills development earlier at preparatory school and to have more female teachers and other sporting role models. Boys dominate in using sport equipment and facilities and exclude females who wish to use them by intimidating or ignoring them. Parents tend to promote sport for boys more than they do for female students and female students were neglected due to household work. The deterrent factors for female students were; sport being too competitive feeling inadequate due to lack of skill acquisition playing with or being watched by boys, treated low body image. On the other hand, from out of school factors, lack of time to study at home lack of parental support (lack of sport facilities), low level of parental education were identified as same of causes for challenges of female students in learning physical education in Hadiya zone. Hence, it is recommended that depending on the results of findings, concerned bodies such as parents, teachers, directors etc have to encourage that female students can participate in physical education and sport activities, to give equal opportunity and access in education with their male counter parts, increasing the number of female physical education role model teachers to encourage and participate female students, to involve teachers and curriculum experts in curriculum development, to overcome the problems that affect female students from learning in physical education activities through awareness, to give regular counseling for female students on the bases of their performance and interests



Learning Physical Education