Occupational Injuries and Associated Factors among Building Construction Workers In Bole Sub City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

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Addis Abeba University


Background: Occupational injury is an unintentional physical damage or injury resulting from an occupational accident. In developing countries, an occupational injury is one of a major problem in the field of public health. This study aims to assess prevalence and factors associated with occupational injury among level one general contractor firm building construction workers in Bole Sub –city, Addis Ababa. Methods: Institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 12 licensed level one General contractor firms in Bole sub-city from March 01-17, 2017. Stratified sampling technique was used which includes 804 study subjects. Data were collected via face to face interview; Data entry and analysis were used Epi data version 3.1 and SPSS version 21 software package respectively. Descriptive statistics mean, frequency and percent were performed for most variables, bivariate analysis were preformed, Variables with 95% confidence intervals and P value at <0.2 during the bivariate analysis were included in the multivariate logistic regression analysis to see the effect of confounding variables. Result A total of 278 (34.6%) respondents reported occupational injuries during the past 12 months giving an overall annual prevalence rate of 346 injuries per 1000 construction workers. Of the total 278 injured respondents 216(77.7%) were hospitalized, the main cause of injury were fight by sharp object 166 (59.7%) and hit by falling object 47(16.9%). Sex (AOR [95%CI] = 2.85[1.17, 6.93]) and employment condition (AOR [95%CI] = 2.92 [1.47, 5.83]) were significantly associated with occupational injury. Working environment variable like regularly machines works safe guard (AOR [95%CI] = 2.17 [1.12, 4.19]) and work involves manually handling activity (AOR [95%CI] = 2.22 [1.02, 4.59]) were associated with occupation injury. Using Personal protective equipment (PPE) all times, drinking alcohol, chewing chat and work satisfaction were statically significantly associated with occupational injury. The odds of occupational injuries were 2.34 times higher among all time non-users PPE when compared with user (AOR [95%CI] = 2.34[1.24, 4.42]). Drinking alcohol increased the odds of occupational injuries by about three folds as compared to those who are not drink alcohol (AOR [95%CI] = 3.01[1.39, 6.90]). Conclusion and Recommendation: - The report of this study indicated relatively lower prevalence of injury among building construction employees compared to other studies this might be machine safe guarded, regular maintenances, and use of personal protective equipment all times. So, it is recommend that workers should be conducted for regular monitoring of substance abuse in workplace and use of personal protective equipment all times had significantly contributed to reduce risks of occupational injuries. Key words: Occupational injury, associated factors, construction worker, General contractors firm



Occupational injury, associated factors, construction worker, General contractors firm