Experiences of Female Juvenile Delinquents and Available Rehabilitation Programs in Remand Home, Addis Ababa

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Addis Ababa University


The study described pre-rehabilitation experiences of female juvenile delinquents. It mainly focused on the experiences which made these adolescent’s girls to become involved in delinquent behavior as well as the way they are treated and rehabilitated in the remand and rehabilitation center. Using social constructivist theoretical paradigm, the study employed a qualitative case study with descriptive purpose and cross sectional design. Due to the difficulty of easily accessing female juvenile delinquents in the center through other sampling, purposive sampling was used to select nine study participants. Additionally, three key informants from the remand and rehabilitation center (a total of twelve individuals) participated in the study. The primary data were mainly collected through in-depth interview and the interviews were recorded and transcribed using verbatim transcription, after which pre-coding, coding, categorizing and theme were developed for analysis. Additionally, data also were collected from observations, document reviews and secondary sources. Findings of this study indicate that intersection of multiple life experiences like histories of abuse, lack of parental support, school/ education problems and peer influence added with family instabilities made the adolescent girls vulnerable to delinquent behaviors. The findings of the study also shows that there are four basic responsive programs (counseling, vocational training, formal education and medical health) which are being given in the remand home which aim at rehabilitating the juvenile delinquents. Beside these basic program components, the remand home provides different services like food and shelter, library and recreational services. In providing these services the remand home faces some challenges that need a quick response from concerned bodies. The study has indicated that gender-responsive programs are lacking to meet the specific needs of female juvenile delinquents



Social Work