Post-Brexit UK’s Africa Strategy in Peacebuilding Process: the Case of Somaliland

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Addis Ababa University


The major purpose of this study was to assess the post-Brexit UK Africa strategy. This study employed a qualitative research technique and qualitative content analysis of coded data. The UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) and individuals in Somaliland working closely on Peacebuilding and governance issues responded to the open-ended survey questionnaire on Somaliland security and stability. According to the results of this research, UK has been the biggest actor in Somaliland support for development through the UK AID program. However, the UK's considerable commitment to help regional peacebuilding with the Somalia Strategy with the government in Mequadisho has posed a threat to Somaliland's completed peacebuilding, as this comprises the UK's policy of direction in recognizing Somaliland statehood. Post-Brexit UK Africa strategy is promised to take higher risks and accept lower returns to deliver in the toughest areas in the continent such as the Sahel region. The strategy is promised to give opportunities for economic development in the most difficult environments, helping tackle the causes of instability, insecurity and conflict. However, implementing the strategy is anticipated to take more time and will not benefit Somaliland Peacebuilding process in a different way than before until after a few years‘ time. Moreover, post Brexit UK Africa strategy will contribute directly to some of the positive ‗shifts‘ towards constructive engagement and conflict outcomes, because the strategy put priority in re-structuring how the UK is previously situated to respond to security and stability area. This study concludes that the legality of Somaliland will continue not being the primary agenda in post-brexit UK Africa strategy. However, there are hints when conducting this research that the UK acting alone without the EU may strengthen old colonial ties with countries such as Somaliland. From the Somaliland side, the country is busy in making the country stable and secure to show Somaliland‘s importance to the international community a secured region and expects this to extend to state recognition. However, there is no sign for State recognition in the UK politics, at least not yet. As a result, it is preferable for the post-Brexit UK Africa strategy to engage and for the Somaliland government to comprehend the shift in strategies as well as the challenges and opportunities that it will bring to situate themselves.



Brexit, Peacebuilding, New Africa Strategy, Security, Somaliland