The Use of Mirt Mitad and Its Contribution to Household Economy and Environment: The Case of Mekelle and its Surrounding Rural Areas

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Addis Abeba university


This study was conducted in Mekelle and its surrounding rural areas. It attempted to assess the use of Mirt Mitad and its contribution to household economy and environment in Mekelle and its surrounding rural areas. In conducting this study, sample survey design was employed and 121 sample households were selected and interviewed using systematic random sampling technique. In addition, focus group discussions and key informant interview were conducted to triangulate the data collected through questionnaire survey. Both primary and secondary data were used and the data consist of both qualitative and quantitative types. The findings of this study showed that Mirt Mitad has got both positive household and community contributions in terms of time, wood and money saving as well as health improvements. Household income and occupation of households were found the main factors that affected the use of Mirt Mitad. Its contribution to environmental (forest resource conservation) was found significant in terms of reducing the quantity of wood households consumed per baking time there by prolonging the timing of forest cutting for fire wood purpose from the sources. However, the dissemination process in the region is far below expected. The reasons were the following: • Poor promotional strategy used (not reachable by many) • Socio-economic problems (high prices, lack of information) • Technological problems (narrow opening , short height) Hence, with good promotional strategies used, dissemination could be improved and its contributions be further multiplied.



Household Economy and Environment