Drug use and Purchasing Determinants in an Addis Ababa District

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Addis Ababa University


This study assesses the overall drug use pattern (with and without prescription) in an Addis Ababa community, potential drug sources, factors associated with increased drug consumption and purchasing following an illness episode. It employed a cross-sectional community-based survey of a sample of 1185 households, selected randomly from the source population of all 23 kebeles of the previous Yeka District of Addis Ababa. A structured questionnaire was developed, pretested and implemented for the purpose of the survey. The study showed that 85.2% of the studied sample population took somekind of drug (prescribed or nonprescribed) and 14.8% did nothing following an illness during the four week study period . Drug users and nonusers were compared with respect to demographic and socio-economic variables. The use was higher among children less than 5 years of age, in high income groups, and among those with higher average haelth care expenditure per episode. There was no sex difference observed in relation to drug taking with or without prescription . 86.9% and 84.1% of males and females, respectively, took drugs. Of these drug users, 95.5% took them with prescription and 4.5% without.It is believed that the high use rate of drug taking andspesifically drugs with prescription following an illness in the district might be explaind with the burden o f mo rbidity in the distr ict.been carried out on prescription and non prescription drug use, but the situation in developing countries is different, and in Ethiopia only a few research works have been conducted in this area. From a number of studies conducted in various developed countries the major factors that are associated with increased drug use were documented. In Etiopia , inspite of high use rate lack of information on users characteristics is unfortunate Due to the lack of available information on drug use patterns in general and on prescribed and nonprescribed drugs, in particular, it is difficult to predict pattern of drug consumption in our community. The objective of this study was to assess the overall drug usage pattern in the community, sources of the drugs and determinants /factors that influence drug purchasing and usage (e. g. age, income, sex, educational level and average monthly health care expenditure) . It was carried out in Yeka District of Addis Ababa administrative region, which was selected for the study because it was the residency assignment area of t he principa l investigator.



Drug Use, Purchasing Determinants