The Role of Foreign aid for the Democratization & Formation of Good Governance in Ethiopia

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Addis Ababa University


Ethiopia is one of the least developed nations in the world. The primary root causes of the underdevelopment of this country are absence of peaceful transition of political power, good governance and democracy. There is close relationship between economic development and democracy. As many researches indicate presence of democracy in one country accelerate economic development and tranquility of the state. The development hypothesis underlying good governance that reduced conflict is essential to bring about economic growth and address the challenges of vulnerabi lity to famine, hunger, and poverty. Many scholars argue that "democracy may be created and mid-wifed by foreign powers" However since donors have no representation in any country as a ci tizens to change policies and stmggle for citizens empowerment what they can do is either to exert their influence through financial donation or financing as well as sharing experience to nationals as well as institutions of local origin that work for the democratization and fonnation of good governance. Foreign aid could playa paramount role for the development a country as it did in other countries of Europe. Even thought foreign aid could play to foster economic growth as well as democracy in most developing countries including Ethiopia. Nevertheless the aid provide to Ethiopia couldn't bring the anticipated democracy and good governance. This seems as a result of the donors' conviction that providing emergency aid, military aid and teclmical assistance are their priority rather than disappointing the government by pledging the question of good governance, and democratizations mmmage in return for their aid. Besides the amount of aid exerted fro the democratization is scanty. Donors' prime objective is gratifying their national interest in the region than to democratize Ethiopia. Besides all regimes in the country were not willing to accept any conditionality that contradict with interest. It is hardily possible to use aid as a means to bring democracy and good governance with out political will of people in power. Democracy and good government can be cultivated merely by the political will of government in power or after fundamental grounds such as pluralistic culture, economically independent society, and culture of peaceful transition of power facilitate in a country.